Book best Omo River Valley tour from Arba Minch with Omo Valley Travel. Get the most of South Ethiopia’s attractions with a local travel agency based in Arba Minch and Jinka South Omo Zone capital city. Named after its geographical location and the famous Omo River, the South Omo Zone is a spectacularly beautiful area with diverse attractions, ecosystems, cultures and languages. The majority of the region is dry and inhospitable: 0.5 % is highland, 5 % is midland, 60 % is lowland and 34 % is desert. Despite this only 8.5 % of the populations are urban dwellers.
Cattle, goats and sheep are vital to most tribes’ livelihood, producing blood, milk, meat and hides. Cattle are highly valued and used in payment for ‘bride wealth’ (dowry). They are an important defense against starvation when the rains and crops fail. In certain seasons, families, particularly young adult males, travel to temporary camps to provide new grazing for herds, surviving on milk and blood from their cattle. Donkey and poultry are also livestock for most tribes. Bee keeping is widely practiced and honey is used as a household food and to generate income. Milk is mainly for household consumption. Butter, however, is sold in markets and used as face, hair and body cream, as well as in various rituals. Book your Omo River Valley tour with us and get authentic lifetime cultural experience!
Tour to Omo River Valley Tribes
Traditional livestock production of the tribes you will visit on your Omo River Valley tour is based on herd diversification to make use of various plant species, and herd splitting to spread the livestock out in line with the available grazing resources and to prevent the spread of disease. There are periodic inter-ethnic conflicts within the zone (and across the borders) as people compete for natural resources, most frequently water and pasture. However, conflicts may also originate from deep-rooted cultural practices, such as heroism, asset building and collective revenge. The introduction of firearms has made inter tribal fighting far more dangerous.
These fascinating peoples live isolated, extreme and particularly harsh lives. However, they decorate themselves lavishly and their colorful dress and beautification customs give them an identity and highlights their uniqueness. Their dress is often scant, commonly utilizing skins and other natural resources. However, for men and women alike, it is usual to be adorned with jewelry, beads, clay face and body painting, feathers, ear and lip plates, bodily scarification and other practices. Little is known about the origins of these customs but it is sufficient to say that appearance is a distinguishing factor for neighboring tribes; it is indeed extremely important to these exceptional people.
Book your Omo River Valley tour from Arba Minch and take part in our conservation activity at Lower Omo!
Travel is the movement of people between relatively distant geographical locations, and can involve travel by foot, bicycle, automobile, train, boat, bus, airplane, or other means, with or without luggage, and can be one way or round trip. Travel can also include relatively short stays between successive movements.
The origin of the word “travel” is most likely lost to history. The term “travel” may originate from the Old French word travail, which means ‘work’. According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, the first known use of the word travel was in the 14th century.
It also states that the word comes from Middle English travailen, travelen (which means to torment, labor, strive, journey) and earlier from Old French travailler (which means to work strenuously, toil). In English we still occasionally use the words “travail”, which means struggle. According to Simon Winchester in his book The Best Travelers’ Tales (2004), the words “travel” and “travail” both share an even more ancient root: a Roman instrument of torture called the tripalium (in Latin it means “three stakes”, as in to impale).