Arbore Tribe

Way of Life of the Arbore Tribe Ethiopia

Also known as Hor, the Arbore tribe are the southern neighbors of the Tsemay. They live in the hot plains north of Chew Bahir and are predominantly pastoralists. Livestock has high economic and social value for the Arbore ethnic group. They keep cattle, sheep, and goats. Milking cows, calves, sheep, and goats are held in the vicinity of the settlement. The rest of the livestock move from place to place in temporary camps. In times of drought, the Arbore temporarily move their cattle to the neighboring Tsemay and Borana where they have peaceful and cooperative relations.

The Arbore people practice a slash-and-burn and shifting cultivation method of agriculture, dependent upon the flooding of the Woito River and the seasonal rains. For every harvesting season, elected elders, known as Murra, assess the suitable land for agriculture and distribute it among the people, prioritizing the poor, orphans, and widows.

Arbore Tribe Culture

Arbore Tribe Ritual for Cattle (Hulko)

At the beginning of the rainy season, when new grass starts to grow, the Arbore prepare a ritual to bless the fresh grass so that it is healthy for their cattle. All the cattle are gathered in one place for the occasion. Four wooden gates will be prepared, and the cattle will be herded through. Participants then drink coffee with butter and milk. Finally, boys and girls dance, and a blessing by the elders and the Kawet (spiritual leader) follows.

Arbore Tribe Ethiopia Conflicts

Among the many tribes, the Arbore are considered a peaceful people and, as such, live in relative harmony with the other tribes. A combination of factors has contributed to the peaceful coexistence of the community, such as the mutual sharing of their resources with other groups, intermarriage between the Arbore tribe and their neighboring tribes, their ability to speak multiple languages, and a surviving legend professing the evils of attacking the Arbore.

About Author

Book authentic Omo Valley Tours with the best tour guide and operator in Ethiopia. Minalu Adem, the founder of Omo Valley Travel & Tours was born and raised in Jinka, South Omo Zone, SNNPR Ethiopia. Jinka is a small town in the middle of Omo Valley, Ethiopia. He worked as a local guide of Omo Valley from 1999 - to 2001 while attending his last three years of high school education. In 2002, he went to university and studied Business and Economics. Afterward, driven to return to his passion for working in tourism, he worked as a national tour guide for the top Ethiopian tour operators and outbound tour companies such as G Adventures.
In 2010, Minalu founded Omo Valley Travel & Tours, a local cultural tour operator outstretched from the Omo Valley of Southern Ethiopia. Working in partnership with local communities in Omo Valley, we provide responsible and enriching cultural tours such as Omo Valley Tours from Jinka, Omo Valley tours from Addis Ababa, Omo Valley tours from Arba Minch, Omo Valley photography tours, and Omo Valley tribes tours to Mursi, Hamar, Banna, Aari, Dassanech, Karo (Kara), Surma/ Suri, Nyangatom, Arbore and the other tribes of the South Omo Valley.
Minalu published his first book titled "A Guide to the Tribes, Omo Valley" in 2014. The second edition was published in 2017. Drawing on his experience and passion, he shared a lot of essential information about the history, traditions, and customs of the incredible Omo Valley region.

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